Uso del test del susurro para el cribado de pérdida auditiva en mayores institucionalizados con deterioro cognitivo

  1. Covadonga Vázquez-Sánchez 1
  2. Luz Mª Gigirey 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela (España)
European Journal of Health Research: (EJHR)

ISSN: 2444-9067 2445-0308

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 7

Issue: 1

Type: Article

DOI: 10.32457/EJHR.V7I1.1392 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: European Journal of Health Research: (EJHR)


Recent studies establish association between hearing loss and cognitive function and evidence exist that hearing damage can exacerbate the negative impact of cognitive impairment in quality of life. Prevalence of hearing loss increases among elderly people living in nursing homes, but the number of residents without hearing aids is high. Whisper voice test is a valid test for screening for hearing impairment. It is frequently used in Primary Care. We applied the voice test in older residents with cognitive impairment and we observed that these subjects failed the repetition of letters. Consequently, we decided to modify the habitual test procedure and employ familiar phrases as screening sound stimulus, on the assumption that they are more easily recognizable. The objective of our study is to establish whether this new technique can be used to screen for hearing loss in older people with mild-moderate cognitive impairment. 62 older residents (mini mental scores > 14) participated in this research. First results reveal that the voice test has high sensitivity and specificity, as well as elevated positive and negative predictive values. The proposed technique could be used as hearing screening tool in a population with similar characteristics.

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